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Arnold, K. and Gosling, J. The Java Programming Language. The Java Series. Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, second edition, 1998.

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Leino, K. R. M. A myth in the modular specification of programs. Technical Report KRML 63, Digital Equipment Corporation, Systems Research Center, 130 Lytton Avenue Palo Alto, CA 94301, November 1995. Obtain from the author, at rustan@pa.dec.com.

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Leino, K. R. M. Data groups: Specifying the modification of extended state. In OOPSLA '98 Conference Proceedings, pages 144-153. ACM Press, October 1998. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Volume 33, Number 10.

Leavens, G. T. An overview of Larch/C++: Behavioral specifications for C++ modules. In Kilov, H. and Harvey, W., editors, Specification of Behavioral Semantics in Object-Oriented Information Modeling, chapter 8, pages 121--142. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1996. An extended version is TR #96-01d, Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 50011.

Leavens, G. T. Larch frequently asked questions. Version 1.110. Available in
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Leavens, G. T. Larch/C++ Reference Manual. Version 5.41. Available in
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Leavens, G. T. and Baker, A. L. Enhancing the pre- and postcondition technique for more expressive specifications. In Wing, J. M., Woodcock, J., and Davies, J., editors, FM'99 --- Formal Methods: World Congress on Formal Methods in the Development of Computing Systems, Toulouse, France, September 1999, Proceedings, volume 1709 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 1087--1106. Springer-Verlag, 1999.

Leavens, G. T., Baker, A. L., and Ruby, C. Preliminary design of JML: A behavioral interface specification language for Java. Technical Report 98-06o, Iowa State University, Department of Computer Science, May 2001.

Lano, K. and Haughton, H., editors. Object-Oriented Specification Case Studies. The Object-Oriented Series. Prentice Hall, New York, NY, 1994.

Liskov, B. and Wing, J. A behavioral notion of subtyping. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 16(6):1811--1841, November 1994.

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Ogden, W. F., Sitaraman, M., Weide, B. W., and Zweben, S. H. Part I: The RESOLVE framework and discipline -- a research synopsis. ACM SIGSOFT Software Engineering Notes, 19(4):23--28, Oct 1994.

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Sivaprasad, G. Larch/CORBA: Specifying the behavior of CORBA-IDL interfaces. Technical Report 95-27a, Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, 50011, December 1995.

Steyaert, P., Lucas, C., Mens, K., and D'Hondt, T. Reuse contracts: Managing the evolution of reusable assets. In OOPSLA '96 Conference on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages and Applications, pages 268--285. ACM Press, October 1996. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, Volume 31, Number 10.

Tan, Y. M. Interface language for supporting programming styles. ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 29(8):74--83, August 1994. Proceedings of the Workshop on Interface Definition Languages.

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Wing, J. M. A specifier's introduction to formal methods. Computer, 23(9):8--24, September 1990.

Wills, A. Refinement in Fresco. In Lano and Houghton [Lano-Haughton94], chapter 9, pages 184--201.

Wahls, T., Leavens, G. T., and Baker, A. L. Executing formal specifications with constraint programming. Technical Report 97-12a, Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University, 226 Atanasoff Hall, Ames, Iowa 50011, August 1998. Available by anonymous ftp from ftp.cs.iastate.edu or by e-mail from almanac@cs.iastate.edu.

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