M.Z. Ahmad and D. Turgut

Congestion avoidance and fairness in wireless sensor networks


Cite as:

M.Z. Ahmad and D. Turgut. Congestion avoidance and fairness in wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of the IEEE GLOBECOM'08, pp. 1–6, November-December 2008.

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Abstract:

Designing a sensor network congestion algorithm is a challenging task due to the application specific nature of these networks. The frequency of event sensing is a deciding factor in the occurence of congestion. Numerous sensors, simultaneously transmitting data, increase the probability of packet drops due to congestion close to the base station(s). In this paper, we propose a novel distributed congestion avoidance algorithm which uses the ratio of the number of downstream and upstream nodes along with available queue sizes of the downstream nodes to detect incipient congestion. Monitoring queue sizes of candidate downstream nodes helps ensure effective load balancing and fairness in our avoidance algorithm. Through simulation studies we observe a greater packet delivery ratio and higher network lifetime in comparison with other prevalent mechanisms.

BibTeX:

@inproceedings{Zubair-2008-GLOBECOM,
   author = "M.Z. Ahmad and D. Turgut",
   title = "Congestion avoidance and fairness in wireless sensor networks",
   booktitle = "Proceedings of the IEEE GLOBECOM'08",
   month = "November-December",
   pages = "1-6",
   year = "2008",
   abstract = {
      Designing a sensor network congestion algorithm is a challenging task due
      to the application specific nature of these networks. The frequency of
      event sensing is a deciding factor in the occurence of congestion.
      Numerous sensors, simultaneously transmitting data, increase the
      probability of packet drops due to congestion close to the base
      station(s). In this paper, we propose a novel distributed congestion
      avoidance algorithm which uses the ratio of the number of downstream and
      upstream nodes along with available queue sizes of the downstream nodes to
      detect incipient congestion. Monitoring queue sizes of candidate
      downstream nodes helps ensure effective load balancing and fairness in our
      avoidance algorithm. Through simulation studies we observe a greater
      packet delivery ratio and higher network lifetime in comparison with other
      prevalent mechanisms.
   },
}

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